Tooth extraction is the process of removal of a tooth from its socket. We perform tooth extractions for many reasons, such as a painful wisdom tooth or a tooth that has been significantly decayed. A dentist may need to extract a tooth to make room for dental prostheses or braces. When the issue is more complicated, an oral surgeon may extract a tooth.
The type of tooth extraction required is determined by the form, size, position, and location of the tooth in the mouth. Extractions are classified as either simple or surgical by dental surgeons. A simple extraction is performed when the tooth is visible above the gums and can be removed in one piece by a dentist. A surgical extraction is performed when the oral condition is more complicated, such as in the case of an impacted tooth. We may have to section it into smaller components and extract them individually.
The Procedure for Tooth Extraction
The surgeon will take an X-ray of the patient's teeth before beginning the extraction to determine the curve and angle of the tooth's root. The surgeon will begin the extraction when the local anesthetic has numbed the area. They may have to extract the tooth in fragments.
If you're having surgery, the doctor will need to cut away the gum or remove the bone that's impeding the operation. Although there should be no discomfort, patients can anticipate pressure against their teeth. Some people find the experience to be stressful due to dental phobia. But anxiety can be controlled using appropriate sedatives.
Stitches or other measures to stop bleeding may be required after the extraction. The dentist or surgeon will apply a thick layer of gauze to the site and ask you to bite on it to absorb the blood and begin the clotting process.
Preparing for a Tooth Extraction
Before having a tooth extracted, tell your dentist about your entire medical history, as well as any medications or supplements you're taking. The medical concerns listed below must be disclosed to the oral surgeon before extraction.
- Damaged or artificial heart valves
- Congenital heart defect
- Impaired immune system
- Liver disease
- Artificial joint replacement
- History of bacterial endocarditis
Recovering after tooth extraction can take some time. You must follow all the instructions given by your dentist, take the prescribed medicines and painkillers, and rest. This will save you from discomfort or infection and promote a speedy recovery.
To find out more about the dental services we offer at Montpelier Family Dentistry, Laurel, MD, call (301) 604-0025 or schedule an online consultation. You can also visit us at 14502, Greenview Dr #100, Laurel, MD, 20708.